Retaining Walls: Marshalls Croft Stone Walling

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A steep hillside garden is often blessed with a lovely vista and, indeed, we can see the beautiful Surrey Hills from the top of ours. However, a ‘non-terraced’ hillside garden is hard to enjoy unless you’re six years old and relish repeatedly rolling it down it (covering yourself in sticky moss). Elderly visitors are nervous of leaving the path and even with a Flymo it’s an exhausting (if not dangerous) exercise when it comes to mowing the grass. When MrsGrow said “I want a nice seating area at the top of the garden” she probably didn’t envisage me building terraced walls and hard landscaping but if a job’s worth doing it’s worth doing well…

After a bit of research (and review reading) I decided to terrace the top of the garden using Marshalls Croft Stone Walling to build two retaining walls. The bricks are mortar free and stay in place because they are heavy (12.5kg) and each brick has a lip which overlaps the previous row beneath, preventing it from shifting forwards. Now I’ve never built a wall before and am certainly no builder which made MrsGrow rather nervous… but when I explained the cost benefits of doing it myself and conveyed my confidence she came around.

Marshalls Croft Stone Wall bricks have a recommended limit of 6 rows which is a total height of around 60cm. Of that 60cm, half of the lowest brick will need to be buried which leaves you with a maximum 50-55cm of wall height. You should factor that into your landscaping measurements for distance, you don’t want your wall to be too low or you’ll still have a slightly sloping terrace behind it. I simply used my eye, a tape measure, canes, a spirit level and a lot of string to place markers. In the gallery below you can see the process of preparation to level terraces behind temporary turf walls:

Garden Terracing Preparations:


Once you’re done with the digging and levelling of terraces (and it’s a big job which took me a good few weekends to prepare) it’s time to order the bricks. I ordered mine from Wickes, they seemed to be the cheapest and most reliable source in the South East at £360 for 90 (Spring 2017 price). I ordered 3 pallet loads, so yes my walls have cost £1080 in materials alone plus sub base mot 2 to line the trenches and shingle, so call it £1150. The gallery below walks you through some of the next steps:

Building the Wall:

 

Back Filling with Shingle:

 

Back Filling Old Turf and Top Soil:


By now you’ve got the idea, and can repeat for your second or third wall. You can see from the photos above and below that I have a single wide wall (9 metres wide) and a smaller wall (5 metres wide) but both are 6 rows high. I left the walls to settle through the winter and have recently begun sieving top soil for level 2 in readiness for turfing. The garden has come a long way since the beginning and is starting to take shape – we will certainly be sitting at the top come April/May, surrounded by Queen of Night tulips and Globe Alliums.


Leave ground to sink, move on to landscaping the terraces.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


** September 2017 UPDATE **

We very much enjoyed the terraced garden this year, I will be moving on to a third terrace wall later this month. Here are some photos from the top terraces completed to date:


Patio terrace

Patio terrace

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About Author

Matt Peskett is GrowLikeGrandad (if you want to know why read 'About the Editor). He has a 'heavy clay' allotment and is a member of the Dorking Allotment Holders Association (DAHA). Matt also has a medium sized 'sandy soil' hillside garden (Italian terrace designed) and enjoys photography - especially nature. Matt takes inspiration from gardens like Hidcote, Great Dixter and Sissinghurst and enjoys watching anything on TV with Monty Don in it.

4 Comments

    • Gareth Griffiths on

      I found this most interesting because I want to build a terrace on my rear garden which slopes away from the house in order to lay a patio on it. If I build a terrace which will accommodate a 2m long by 3m wide patio, the walling required at the 2 corners would be about 50cm and 30cm high (slope of garden isn’t level). Croft walling looks to be the cheapest DIY option (other alternatives are Tobermore and Allan Block but they seem v expensive and difficult to source). My only concern is will the croft walling support the surcharge created by the weight of the pavers?

      • Hi Gareth, I’m no structural engineer so really can’t say for sure but I’ve added a few updated photos for you at the bottom of the post, one is of the top patio I built which is about 4m by 3m. My approach to solving the problem (without really knowing about weights) was to support the marshalls wall with a line of sleepers behind it as well. The sleepers also serve to separate the wall area by making it into a flower bed. So far I’ve not seen any movement, Matt

        • Gareth Griffiths on

          Hi Matt, many thanks. I love your raised patio, kind of similar to what I want to do. I note you laid sleepers behind the croft stone wall. I’m no engineer either, but guess that the sleepers will act as an extra skin to the wall. Did you fix the sleepers down in any way or just bolt them to each other? I’m pricing out 3 options (area for my walls would come to about 2.4m2): (1) retaining wall from Allan block – it’s not cheap, about £440 inc VAT and delivery for 40 blocks which covers about 3.62m2. (2) Marshalls croft stone walling – £300 inc VAT and delivery for 90 blocks, covers about 2.7m2 (3) Standard dense concrete blocks which would cost about £140 for 70 blocks but the cost of laying a concrete footing and cementing the blocks would be about £240 by my estimates. I probably don’t need reinforcement for the walls given their height but I could use Geogrid if I use Marshalls/Allan block or rebar if I use standard concrete blocks. I’m tempted to go with modular blocks despite higher cost since the facing is way nicer than breeze blocks and it allows another option of curving the wall round to follow the contour of the slope. Cheers

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